Mount Hua (华山 Hua Shan) is a sacred Taoist mountain located in Shaanxi Province, China. It is one of the Five Great Mountains.
The 2,154-meter-tall mountain, true to its reputation as the “most precipitous mountain under heaven”, is a cluster of five peaks with breathtaking cliff faces and a tough challenge to walkers. Hua is popularly known by tourists as the “Most Dangerous Hiking Trail in the World” because even though the climb does not require any technical climbing skills, the trail contains a few steep ascents with cliff-like staircases and two optional via ferratas. The biggest danger to safety is often due to overcrowding in the Summer months. Hua was historically the location of several influential Taoist monasteries and was known as a centre for the practice of traditional Chinese martial arts. It is also one of the five holy Taoist mountains of China.
Huashan Village at the base of the park is a small city more than it is a village. The park lies immediately south of town. Peaks and important points of access are mostly named with cardinal directions:
East Gate: the new visitor’s centre and ticket office are located here. The East Gate provides access to the North Cable Car. The North Cable Car goes to North Peak. A trail called the “Soldier’s Path” also ascends North Peak beneath the North Cable Car.
Yuquan Yuan (Jade Spring Temple): this is the start of the hiking trail to the top of North Peak. Yuquan Yuan is located at the south edge of Huashan Village. There is a ticket office here but no visitor’s centre.